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ze xie  澤瀉        (in English and Chinese 中英文)

by: Joe Hing Kwok Chu

Click here to see picture of ze xie. 按此看圖

Pharmaceutical name:

英文药名:

Alismatis Rhizoma

Biological name:

拉丁學名:

Alisma orientale (Sam.) Juzep.﹔

Alisma plantago-aquatica L.var. orientale Sam.

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音:

 

takusa

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音:

t'aeksa

Pron. in Cantonese:

粤語發音:

zaak1 se3

Other Names:

別名:

fu ze xie 福 澤 瀉, jiang ze xie 建澤瀉

Common Name:

英文名:

alisma

Distribution:

分布:

It is mainly produced in Fu Jian province, so it is also called fu ze xie or jian ze xie.

主產於福建。所以也稱 為福澤瀉或建瀉。

Properties (characteristics)

性味:

sweet, bland, cold

甘 ,淡,寒。

Channels (meridians) entered:

歸經

kidney, bladder

歸腎,膀胱經。

Actions & Indications

主治

for edema, painful and difficult urination (dysuria), diarrhea , leucorrhagia, caused by damp heat in the lower burner (xia jiao) which include urinary tract infection, vaginal yeast infection or vaginal bacteria infection.

下焦濕熱以致水腫、 小便不利、 泄瀉(泌尿系統或消化系統感染)、淋濁帶 下及痰飲等。

Medical Function:

药理:

(1) lowers blood lipids: total cholesterol, inhibits hardening of main artery

(2) diuretic

(3) prevents fatty liver

(4) anti-pyretic (lowering fever)

(5) anti-bacterial (inhibits mycobacterium tuberculosis)

(6) hypoglycemic

(7) hypotensive

(8) galactagogue (promote milk secretion)

(9) anti tumor

(10) induces interferon

(11)  anti-allergic
(1)降血脂,可使血清總膽固醇及甘油三酯含量降 低﹐能抑制主動脈粥樣硬化斑的 形成
(2)利尿
(3)抗脂肪肝

(4) 退熱

(5) 抗菌 (肺癆菌)

(6) 降血糖

(7) 降血壓

(8) 促奶分泌

(9) 抗癌

(10) 增加干擾素

(11) 抗過敏

 

Chemical ingredients:

化学成份:

  
 瀉醇(alisol)A、B、C
 澤瀉醇A單乙酸酯(alisol A monoacetate
 澤瀉醇B單乙酸酯(alisol B monoacetate
 澤瀉醇C單乙酸醋(alisol C monoacetate
 表澤瀉醇(epialisol)A
 澤瀉薁醇(alismol
 澤瀉薁醇氧化物(alismoxide
 16β-甲氧基澤瀉醇B單乙酸酯(16β-methocyal-isol B monoacetate
 16β-羥基澤瀉醇B單乙酸酯 (16β-hydroxyal-isol B monoacetate
 谷甾醇-3-O-硬脂酰基 -β-D-吡喃葡萄糖甙(sitosterol-3-O-steroyl-β-D-glucopyranoside
 膽鹼(choline
 
 鉀、鈣、鎂等元素。
  
  
  
  
  
  
  

Dosage:

用量:

5- 10 g.

5~10克。

Samples of formulae:

處方舉例:

shi quan da bu tang 十全大補湯

ze xie tang  澤瀉湯

long dan xie gan tang 龍膽瀉肝湯

long dan xie gan wan 龍膽瀉肝丸

Modern Research:

Infusion of water extract of ze xie into abdomen cavities of laboratory mice at 36.36g/kg and those with venous injection of ze xie extract of .098g/kg and also those fed with 4g/kg did not show any mortality. Feeding 1 g and 2 g/kg (equals 20 and 40 times the amount of clinical usage) for 3 months, the animals were healthy. Their blood level of ALT and hemoglobin did show any differences with the control group. But, in examination, the cells of livers and kidney showed different degree of murkiness and mutation. The results of large dosages were more obvious. It showed that it might be the result of administered of the herb. The heart tissues did not show any changes.[3]

Cautions

禁忌:

 

Do not use in case of damp cold, spermatorrhea or leukorrhagia due to kidney yang deficiency.

See modern research above.

May cause intestinal irritation with prolonged usage.

腎陽虛而致白帶﹐精 滑者忌服。長期服用可能刺激腸臟。大劑量可能對肝臟與腎臟有害。

 

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Last update: Sept 20, 2013;  12:10 a.m. LAH