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yi mu cao 益母草

chong wei zi 茺蔚子

 

by: Joe Hing kwok Chu

 

xi ye yi mu cao 細葉益母草

Source of picture:台灣福林國小圖鑑

 

Pharmaceutical name:

英文藥名﹕

Herba leonuri

Biological name:

拉丁文學名﹕

yi mu cao
  1. Leonurus heterophyllus Sweet
  2. Leonurus artemisia (Lour.) S. Y. Hu
  3. Leonurus heterophyllus Swel;

xi ye yi mu cao 細葉益母草

  1. Leonurus sibiricus auct. Non L.
  2. var. b. Grandiflora Bewth L. manshuricus Yabe)

white flower yi mu cao 白花益母草

  1. Leonurus sibiricus LF albiflora (Nakai & Kitagawa) G. Y. Wu et H. W. Li

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音﹕

yakumoso

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音﹕

ikmoch'o

Pron. in Cantonese:

粵音﹕

yik1 mou5 cou2

Other Names:

別名﹕

chong wei, kun cao

茺蔚﹐坤草

Common Name:

英文名﹕

Chinese motherwort, leonurus

Distribution:

產地﹕

throughout China

Properties (characteristics)﹕

性味﹕

acrid, slightly biter, cold, slightly toxic.

味辛微苦,性寒﹐ 有小毒。

Channels (meridians) entered:

歸經﹕

heart, liver, bladder

心﹐肝﹐膀胱

 

Actions & Indications:

用途﹕

As astringent, invigorate blood flow, promotes urination and rids of edema, rids of blood stasis, regulate menses, for premenstrual abdominal pain, infertility,  post partum abdominal pain with lochioschesis (discharge in post delivery).

收斂藥﹐消水行血﹐經期前腹痛﹐不孕﹐產後淤血不清﹐去瘀生新﹐調經解毒。.

Chemical ingredients:化學成份﹕

 
化學成份﹕Chemical ingredients:
益母草全草含益母草鹼, 约0.05% (花初期含微量,花期中逐漸增高),

Leonurine, about 0.05%; small amount during the early stages of blooming, then gradually increases.

水蘇鹼 (水秀克鹼)

Stachydrine

芸香  (蘆丁)

Rutin

延胡索酸(反丁烯二酸)

Fumaric acid

益母草鹼甲

Leonurine A

益母草鹼乙

Leonurine B

草酸oxalic acid
Whole plant of xi ye yi mu cao contains:

细葉益母草全草:

 

生物鹼大約0.05%。全草中益母草鹼的含量随開花時期而變化。花初期含量甚微,7~8月中旬花中期含量为0.01~0.03%,最高可達 0.04%.

about 0.05% of alkaloid and the amount varies acording to the bloodming period; a small amount during the early stages of blooming, then gradually increases to 0.01 ~ 0.03% during July and August. The highest amount can be 0.04%.

水蘇鹼

Stachydrine

益母草定鹼

Leonuridine

4-胍基丁醇-1

4-Guanidino-1-butanol

4-胍基丁酸

4- Guanidino-butyric acid

精氨酸

Arginine

芸香(微量)

Rutin (trace)

水蘇糖

Stachyose

植物甾醇

phytosterol

樹脂

resin

脂肪

fat

月桂酸

Lauric acid

亞油酸

Linoleic acid

β-亞油酸

β-sitosterol

α-香樹脂醇

α-Amyrin

草酸oxalic acid

Dosage:

用量﹕

9 ~ 30 g

Long term or large dosages can be toxic to the kidneys.

大劑量長期服用可能對腎臟有毒。

Samples of formulae:處方舉例﹕

For brown spots, freckles and pimples: yi mu cao tu fang

Modern Research:

現代研究﹕

to be loaded

 

Cautions:

禁忌﹕

Not to use in case of blood deficient   and in cases of without blood stasis  or during pregnancy. Long term usage can be toxic to the kidneys.

血虛血淤者及孕婦忌用。 大劑量長期服用可能對腎臟有毒。

  Chong wei zi 茺蔚子is the seeds of the plant and is sweet and slightly cold. It is being used as the plant. It can be used to cool the liver.

茺蔚子是益母草的種子。味甘性微寒。用法與益母草同。可以用來降肝火。

 

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Last update: May 30, 2011; 12:37 a.m. LA