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xiao qing long tang   小青 龍湯

Translated and explained by: Joe Hing kwok Chu     按此看中文

Name of formula: xiao qiang long tang (source: Shang Han Lun)


Usage: cold or influenza, cough, bronchitis, asthma, edema, whooping cough, excessive phlegm and saliva, tears.



xi xin 1 qian, gan jiang 1.5 qian, wu wei zi 1 qian, ban xia 3 qian, ma huang 1.5 qian, bai shao 3 qian, gan cao 1.5 qian.



If the throat is inflamed and painful, add jie geng.

If asthma is serious add larger dosage of xing ren, su zi.

If phlegm or mucus is heavy add yuan zhi, fu ling.

If chest is heavy due to cough and asthma, add hou po, chen pi to improve qi.

Note: In this formula, 1 qian = 3.75 grams (old measurement)


Warning: xi xin  belongs to the Aristolochia family. This herb is very toxic to the kidneys.


Note: this is one of the ten famous herbal formulas



小青龍湯《傷寒論 》

主治:外 感風寒、痰飲內停、感冒、咳嗽、支氣管炎、 氣喘、浮腫、百日咳、涎沫、流淚。

細辛一 錢乾 薑錢 半五 味一 錢半 夏 麻 黃錢半芍 藥 甘草錢 半

本方常用 於旺盛血行、去鬱血、減少粘膜炎症分泌 、肺寒之喘咳、痰多者有效。本方有鎮咳定喘、強心利尿作用,對慢性支氣管氣喘特別有效。


咽痛者:加桔 梗

咳喘較重者:加杏 仁,蘇子增強止咳平喘之力

痰涎較多者:加遠 志茯 苓化痰

咳喘胸悶者:加厚 樸陳 皮理氣。


哮喘病人白血球細胞中cAMP/ cGMP比值低於正常,如用小青龍湯加大 棗服後cAMP/ cGMP比值會上升,引起支氣管擴張而起平喘作 用。


大 青 龍 湯 治 表 有 寒 , 裏 有 熱 症 。

小 青 龍 湯 主 治 表 裏 俱 寒 之 症 。

注意﹕細 辛屬于馬兜鈴科 ﹐對腎臟有毒 。


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Last update: Mar 30, 2014; 4 p.m. LAH