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wu jia pi  五加皮

nan wu jia pi (southern wu jia pi)

By: Joe Hing Kwok Chu

Click here to see picture of herb.  按此看五加皮飲片圖。

Pharmaceutical name:

英文药名:

Cortex Acanthopanacis Gracilistyli Radicis

Latin botanical name:

拉丁名:

Acanthopanax spinosus Mig. (Acanthopanax gracilistylus Smith.)

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音:

gokahi

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音:

ogap'i

Pron. in Cantonese:

粤語發音:

ng5 gaa1 pei4

Common Name:

英文名:

acanthopanax root bark

Distribution:

分佈:

Henan, Sichuan, Hunan, Guangdong, Hebei, Shanxi, Shandong provinces of China.

河南,四川,湖南,廣東,河北,山西,山東等省。

Properties (characteristics):

性味:

warm, spicy. bitter

温,辣,苦。

Channels (meridians) entered:

歸經:

kidney, liver

腎,肝。

Actions & Indications:

主治:

dispels cold dampness pain, rheumatism, weakness in joints and muscles, aids in development of walking in toddlers, for urination difficulty, edema, and for reducing swelling.

驅寒湿風痛,風濕,關結肌肉無力,帮助小兒學走路,治小便困难,水腫。

Dosage:

用量:

 4.5~15 grams

4.5 ~15 克。

Chemical Ingredients:

化學成份:

syringin 紫丁香甙, (-)ent-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid, 16 aplpha hydroxy-I-kauran-19-oic acid, stearic acid 硬脂酸, d-sesamin d-芝麻素, vitamins A and B 维生素 甲,乙, calcium oxalate 草酸鈣, palmic acid 棕櫚酸

從根皮中得到二萜類等6個化合物:五加酸(Ⅰ),異貝殼杉烯酸 kaurenoic acid (Ⅱ),l-芝麻素 l-sesamin(Ⅲ),豆甾醇 stigmasterol(Ⅳ),β-谷甾醇  β-sitosterol(Ⅴ)和刺五加苷B eleutheroside B(Ⅵ)。[A]

Modern Research:

现代研究:

northern wu jia pi is a heart stimulant which is toxic for the heart.

北五加皮能刺激心 臟,對心臟有毒。

Caution:

禁忌:

Herb gatherers in the northern part of China usually use gang liu pi (belongs to the Sclepiadaceae family) as "northern wu jia pi." Most herb stores use northern wu jia pi in making wu jia pi wine. According to research of Zhao Zi Huang, long term use of  wu jia pi wine causes death. Toxic reactions of wu jia pi wine made from northern wu jia pi include blindness, numbness in limbs, dizziness, and headache; long term use may cause death.

Use caution in patients with yinxu (yin deficient) and excessive heat.

北五加皮有毒。很多药店用來制五加皮酒。有毒反應包括致盲,四肢麻木,眩晕,頭痛,久 服能致死

陰虛 有熱者须小心應用。

Also see Siberian Ginseng    按此看刺五加  .

[A] 劉向前[1] 陸昌洙[3] 張承燁[2] [1]中南大學化學化工學院制藥工程系,湖南長沙410008 [2]韓國食品醫藥品安全廳,韓國漢城 [3]慶熙大學藥學院生藥學研究室,韓國漢城

 

A manuscript... writing, translating and proofreading              in progress

 

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Last update: Sept 30, 2008;  11:44 a.m. LAH