Tonsil Stones 扁桃腺結石
Tonsilloliths are commonly called tonsil stones.
There are many hypotheses on how the stones are formed. Many people think that the stones are caused by food particles lodged in the crypts of the tonsils. That is not really true. Actually, tonsilloliths are caused by chronic infection and inflammation of the oral cavity area especially the tonsils. The most common infections are caused by fungi or Filamentous bacteria like Leptothrix buccalis and Actinomycetales.
Chronic infection and inflammation of the tonsils causes the increase of shedding of epithelial cells (cells of outer layers of skin) and pus secretion. Pus usually occurs in the crypts during the early stages before the forming of stones. Chronic infection will increase the depth of the crypts. When crypts are too deep, normal rinsing cannot remove the debris trapped inside the crypts. Stones are formed because the fungi, bacteria, pus, and dead skin cells are trapped inside the crypts, together with the minerals of the saliva and the minerals of the mucus from the sinus and the acid in the mouth, calcium salt and magnesium salts are formed.
People who are susceptible to tonsilloliths are those with:
. The formula is usually written Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2 to denote that the water crystal unit cell comprises two entities. ItCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Food allergy: the food that are highest on the food allergy list are milk product and eggs. Most of the time those are the food that are allergic to the people who like them most. The common allergy sensitive food, depends on the individuals, are: eggs, fish, shell fish, milk, peanuts, sesame seed, soy, sulphites, wheat and gluten.
The Leptothrix buccalis is a normal inhabitant of the mouth, and occasionally produces a pathological lesion of clinical interest. The organism probably belongs to the group of pleomorphic bacteria, though its exact position is not determined. It consists of fine threads, of wavy or spiral character, composed of rod- like segments. Occasionally spore-like bodies are found at the free ends of the filaments. The organism sometimes penetrates and multiplies in the crypts of the pharynx, causing a chalk-like nodule or deposit. Secondary inflammation may be occasioned.
An article in NY Time: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/09/01/health/01tons.html?em
See this on an experience on tonsil stones..
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Last update: Oct 20, 2009; 9:57 p.m. LAH