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Hypertension

By: Joe Hing Kwok Chu  按此看中文

Hypertension is the medical term used for high blood pressure.

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Definition

World Health Organization defines high blood pressure as when the systolic blood pressure (the top number of the blood pressure monitor, which represents the pressure generated when the heart constricts) is higher than or equal to 160 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure  (the bottom number of the blood pressure monitor, which represents the pressure in the vessels when the heart expanses) is higher than or equal to 95mmHg. When   systolic blood pressure  consistently higher than 140 mmHg but lower than 160 mmHg, or  diastolic blood pressure is higher than  90 mmHg but lower than 95 mmHg is borderline high blood pressure.

Hypertension

systolic pressure >= 160 mmHg,  diastolic pressure >= 95

Borderline hypertension

systolic pressure >= 140 mmHg but < 160 mmHg,  diastolic pressure >=90 but < 95 mmHg

It is estimated that 10% of the world population suffer from borderline hypertension. In many countries borderline hypertension is now classified as hypertension.

Classifications of Hypertension

1. Primary (essential) hypertension

    No obvious causes. About 90% of cases of hypertension do not have obvious causes.

2. Secondary hypertension.

   Caused by other diseases, diet, or malfunctioning of the system of the body, like:

    A. Adrenal gland tumors

    B. Cushing's syndrome

 C. Kidney disorders

  1.         kidney failure

  2.         glomerulonephritis

  3.         renal vein thrombosis [1]

  4.         renal artery occlusion (stenosis) 

  5.         renal artery embolism [3]

  D. diabetes mellitus  

  E. drugs

  F. pregnancy or use of oral contraceptives

  G. hemolytic-uremic syndrome

  H. Henoch-Schonlein purpura

  I.  periarteritis nodosa

  J. radiation enteritis

  K.retroperitoneal fibrosis

  L. Wilms' tumor

  M. high altitude disease

  N. high fat and high salt diet

  O. high levels of alanine

  P. non-alcoholic fatty liver [2]


See the result of therapy with certain qigong

See the basis of why training with certain qigong can help and more superior than other therapy method.

 

See traditional Chinese medicine diagnosis and therapy.
 

Note:

Cushing's syndrome: It is a rare disease triggered by an excessive corticosteroid hormones production by the adrenal gland. The main symptoms are: body and face obesity, hypertension, fatigue and bone lack of calcium.

[1] 1975 Feb;3(2):70-4.

[2] [1] 2011 Nov;23(11):1011-7. doi: 10.1097/MEG.0b013e32834b8d52.

[3]http://stanfordhospital.org/clinicsmedServices/COE/surgicalServices/vascularSurgery/patientEducation/renalvd.html

 

 

 

 

Hypertension是西醫醫學術語,意思是高血壓。

世界衛生組織定義
 

高血壓為:

收縮壓(血壓儀的第一數目,它代表心臟收縮時產生的壓力,高於或等於160毫米汞柱,

舒張壓(血壓儀的第二數目,它代表心臟舒張時尚存於血管內的壓力)高於或等於95mmHg。

高血壓即:
收縮壓>=160毫米汞柱,舒張壓> = 95

 

臨界性高血壓:

當收縮壓高於140毫米汞柱,但低於160毫米汞柱,或舒張壓高於90毫米汞柱,但低於95毫米汞柱,是稱為臨界性高血壓 。

臨界性高血壓
收縮壓> =140毫米汞柱但小於160毫米汞柱,舒張壓>= 90,但<95毫米汞柱

據估計,10%的世界人口患有臨界性高血壓。在許多國家已把臨界性高血壓列為高血壓。
高血壓的分類
 

1。原發性高血壓
沒有明顯的原因。約90%的高血壓的情況下沒有明顯的原因。
2。繼發性高血壓。
由其他疾病, 飲食,或引起身體系統發生故障,如:
 

A. 腎上腺腫瘤
B. 庫欣氏綜合徵
C. 腎臟疾病:

  1. 腎功能衰竭

  2. 腎小球腎炎

  3. 腎靜脈血栓

  4. 腎動脈閉塞(狹窄)

  5. 腎動脈栓塞
     

D. 糖 尿病
E. 懷孕或使用口服避孕藥
F. 藥物
G. 溶血性尿毒症綜合徵
H. 過敏性紫癜
I.  結節性動脈周圍炎
J. 放射性腸炎
K. 腹膜後纖維化
L. 腎母細胞瘤
M.高原反應

N. 高脂肪,高鹽飲食

O. 高肝酶ALT

p. 非酒精脂肪肝【2】

可用某些氣功治療。療效顯著。
氣 功治療高血壓的機理。(上海第二醫院,王從行,徐定海報告)

 

用中藥辨證治療法

 

註:

庫欣氏綜合徵:

皮質甾類荷爾蒙增 值引發的一種少見疾病,主要症狀為:身體和臉部肥胖、高血壓、疲勞及骨骼缺鈣
[1]
1975 Feb;3(2):70-4.

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