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ban xia 半夏
 

by: Joe Hing kwok Chu

 

See picture of herb here.  按此看圖。

Pharmaceutical name:

英文药名:

Rhizoma Pinelliae Ternatae

Biological name:

拉丁學名:

Pinellia ternata (Thunb.) Breit

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音:

hange

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音:

panha

Pron. in Cantonese:

粤語發音:

bun3  haa6

Common Name:

英文名:

pinellia rhizome

Other Name:

別 名:

san bu tiao, lie dao cao, di ba dou, ma yu guo, di lei gong, di wen

三不掉,裂刀草, 地巴豆, 麻芋果,地雷公,地文

 

Distribution:

分佈:

Sichuan, Hubei, Henan, Guizhou, Anhui

四川,湖北,河南,贵州,安徽。

Properties (characteristics)

性味:

acrid, warm, toxic (especially raw ban xia)

辛,温,有毒 (尤其是生半夏)。

Channels (meridians) entered:

歸經:

lung, spleen, stomach

肺,脾,胃。

Actions & Indications:

主治:

stops vomiting, promote vomiting, rids of phlegm  nodules, calming, lower pressure in the eyes.

燥濕 祛痰,止 嘔,散結消痞,催吐,鎮靜,降眼壓。

  1. Sheng ban xia: raw, not processed. It is washed, rid of external skin, and fine roots then dry under the sun. It is toxic. Usually it is for external use.
  2. Qing ban xia: those have been soaked in alum water solution. Often it is used in transforming phlegm
  3. Jiang ban xia: those have been soak in ginger (jiang) and alum solution. It is effective in stopping vomiting.
  4. Fa ban xia: those have been soak in gan cao and lime water solution. It is effective in getting rid of dampness.
  5. ban xia qu: made from ground fa ban xia with added wheat flour and make into the shape of cookie and fermented. It is effective in transforming phlegm and in helping digestion.

 

  1. 生半夏﹕加 清水浸泡,至切開中心無白心時﹐取 出,瀝乾水份。切片约3mm厚。晒乾或用文火烘乾。生 半夏 力強 而有 毒﹐外 用於消 腫散結。因有毒一 般不內服 。


  2. 清半夏:經白礬水浸漬者。常用於 化痰。


  3. 姜半夏:用生薑,白礬水浸漬者。常用於止 嘔。


  4. 法半夏:經甘草,石灰液浸漬者。常用於燥 濕。


  5. 半夏麴:法半夏研細加麵粉,製成餅狀並發酵者。常用於化 痰消食 。

Medical Function:

藥理:

anti vomiting effect

anti nephritis effect

expectorant effect

anti convulsion effect

toxic effect: see coniine

鎮吐作用

抗腎炎作用

化痰作用

抗驚厥作用

毒性作用:看毒芹鹼

Chemical Ingredients:

化學成份:

 

β-sitosterol

β-谷甾醇

choline

胆碱

daucosterol

胡蘿蔔甾醇

3,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde

3,4二羥基苯甲醛

coniine  

毒芹鹼

protoanemonin

原白頭翁素

1-ephedrine hydrochloride

1-麻黃鹼鹽酸鹽

guanosine

鳥苷

homogentisic acid

Dosage:

用量:

 

4.5 to 12 g. According to Ke Xue Zhong Yao: 0.5 to 2 g

per day. Adjust the dosage according to syndrome and

body condition.

4.5 to 12 濃 縮中藥:0.52.0克 。可依病症

與體質酌 量增減使用量。

 

Commonly Used formulae:

常用配方:

ban xia bai zhu tian ma tang 半夏白朮天麻湯

ban xia xie xin tang 半夏瀉心湯

er chen tang 二陳湯

chai hu gui zhi tang 柴胡桂枝湯

liu jun zi tang 六君子湯

Modern Research: 
Cautions:

注意:

do not use in any cough with bleeding due to yinxu or those with liver diseases [1]. Use caution in cases of heat. Not compatible with wu tou..

Raw ban xia (sheng ban xia) is very toxic. See coniine.

Antidote: use sheng jiang (raw ginger) juice, or just sheng jiang, lu dou,  fang feng, gan cao to make into decoction. Drink frequently to rid of the toxin.

 

陰虛咳血不可用。有肝病者忌用【1】。有熱者小心應用。反烏 頭。生半夏有大毒。毒芹鹼

中毒可用生薑汁或生 薑綠 豆防風甘 草煎湯頻服以解毒。

 

[1] Chinese Journal of Basic Medicine of Traditional Chinese Medicine; 2005, Vol 11, No. 12

[1]中國中醫基礎醫藥雜誌; 2005 年,第11卷,第12期。

 

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